Book Review: Psychiatry and the Business of Madness An Ethical and Epistemological Accounting, by Bonnie Burstow

This latest book by Bonnie Burstow, PhD, critiques psychiatry, and effectively annihilates any claims that the profession might have had to legitimacy.

Bonnie gives us a scholarly, but very readable, account of:

  • the history of psychiatry, ancient and modern;
  • the significance and shortcomings of the DSM;
  • the legal, ethical, and personal ramifications of involuntary “treatment”;
  • the training of psychiatrists and the dynamics underlying their uncritical acceptance of their profession’s spurious concepts and destructive treatments;
  • the ways in which non-psychiatrist mental health workers are co-opted into the system, and become, often despite good intentions, supporters and active participants in the psychiatric travesty;
  • the role and tactics of the psycho-pharma industry;
  • the stark, destructive, degrading realities of electric shock “treatment”.

In the final chapter, Bonnie offers us a glimpse of what an alternative approach might look like.

Normally when I write a book review, I include some quotes from the work to enable readers to judge for themselves the quality and content of the material.  With Psychiatry and the Business of Madness, however, this presented a problem, in that virtually every one of the 264 pages of text contains eminently quotable material.  Here’s a short sample:

“… the problems with this institution run so deep that what might be construed as ‘improvement’ is not and cannot be sufficient.” (p 21)

“…psychiatry consolidated its power and harnessed the newly acquired credibility of medicine not by being scientific but by mimicking the outward trappings of science and medicine.” (p 44)

“A timely reminder:  No biological sign has ever been found for any ‘mental disorder.’  Correspondingly, there is no known physiological etiology.” (p 75)

“The concepts of ‘open secrets’ and ‘bad faith’ have explanatory value here.  An ‘open secret’ is a truth that everyone knows but does not acknowledge publicly.  Everyone knows the secret; everyone knows that everyone knows the secret, but except for the odd ‘maverick’ who can readily be dismissed, everyone respects the secrecy.  Let me suggest that there are a number of open secrets in the mental health field.  Open secrets that suggested themselves to me as I interviewed practitioners – mainstream practitioners especially – include:  There is something wrong with the drugs.  There is something wrong with much of the research.  There is something wrong with the very way that we are all operating.” (p 163-164)

“All psychiatric drugs ‘work’ by obstructing normal brain function, causing dysfunction.  All substantially interfere with normal thinking and feeling.  All alter the brain’s chemistry and structure, to varying degrees, fundamentally damaging the brain.  All alter the size of the brain, making it (or some part of it) either expand in size or shrink.  All are addictive.  All work in ways that make withdrawal difficult, in some cases, arguably, impossible.  All cause dysfunctions (and in some cases disorders) in various parts of the body.  All work by ‘deactivating’ to some degree, though some primarily activate.  What is experienced as improvement, correspondingly, is invariably one or more of:  sedation, stimulation, and the placebo effect.  The drugs to varying degree inherently mask the very dysfunctions that they create.  They obscure people’s appreciation of their psychic state, and by extension, of the damage.  What goes along with this, there is a perilously close relationship between the purported ‘therapeutic effect’ and the ‘toxic effect,’ with the two at times being identical.  The toxic effect itself can manifest itself in mania and psychosis.” (p 195-196)

“…the pharmaceuticals are the kingpin, the mainstay of the regime of ruling.  Successfully problematize that and the edifice crumbles.  In this chapter, to an appreciable degree, that has happened, for in the final analysis, however much people may cling to them – and I am in no way denying that there are people who regard them as a lifeline – no medical credibility can be attached to a substance that is not medical, that addresses nothing medical, that gives rise to medical disorders, and whose modus operandi is dysfunction and damage.” (p 200)

“So what in point of fact does the research establish?  In short, that ECT is a profoundly injurious treatment that damages the brain, that substantially impairs memory, that gives rise to global cognitive dysfunction – and in the final analysis, it has no lasting efficacy.” (p 214)

“While in the final analysis readers must reach their own conclusions, what the logic of this investigation indicates – and indicates powerfully – is that not just parts of psychiatry, but the discipline and the regime as a whole is epistemologically flawed and ethically unacceptable.  Nor is it ‘fixable,’ for the problems are fundamental, at the core. My invitation, accordingly, is that we as a society do what may have once seemed unthinkable – that we acknowledge that our approaches to problems in living and to ‘problematic others’ are tragically misguided and muster up the courage to begin again.” (p 227)

“Given that psychiatry is blatantly not the answer to life’s woes but indeed, one of the causes thereof, and given that there will always be some need for extensive emotional support, what do we put in its stead?  What we concluded is that tinkering will not serve us, that not only must we break with psychiatry, we have to rid ourselves of rule by experts, we need to stop ‘othering,’ we have to stop imprisoning, and beyond that, we need to fundamentally alter how we live with one another.” (p 264)

 

This book is scholarly, in the sense that it examines the issues, painstakingly, fearlessly, and with impeccable logic.  But, more than scholarly, it is human-centered and compassionate.   There are lots of stories.  Some are tragic; some are hopeful; all are instructive.  Bonnie has drawn on her own personal and professional experiences to bring the issues vividly to life, and to help us see that the victims of psychiatry are not just the people who have experienced physical damage from the drugs and the electric shocks, but all of us who live in this psychiatrically pathologized, and alienated, world of “us” and “them”.

Psychiatry and the Business of Madness reads seamlessly, and is a difficult book to put down.  I cannot think of a single issue in the psychiatric debate that is not covered – and covered thoroughly and convincingly – within its pages.  For those who wish to explore the various topics in greater depth, there are thirteen pages of references.

Please get a copy.  Read it, and tell others.  This book is a major milestone in the antipsychiatry effort, and stands as a monumental challenge to psychiatry’s continued existence as a branch of medicine.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 

Disclosure:  I have no financial links to this book or to any books/materials that I endorse.

 

 

 

 

  • all too easy

    Breaking News

    Haters of psychiatry are pleased to announce that ALS, aka Lou Gehrig’s Disease, has been proven to be a hoax, a fraud, a money making scheme perpetrated on lazy boobs who are seeking ways to unburden themselves while seeking the high life.

    YES, IT IS TRUE. YOU HEARD ABOUT IT HERE FIRST.

    “No one test can provide a definitive diagnosis of ALS, although the presence of upper and lower motor neuron signs is strongly suggestive. Instead, the diagnosis of ALS is primarily based on the symptoms and signs the physician observes in the patient and a series of tests to rule out other diseases. Physicians obtain the individual’s full medical history and usually conduct a neurologic examination at regular intervals to assess whether symptoms such as muscle weakness, atrophy of muscles, hyperreflexia, and spasticity are getting progressively worse.

    Since ALS symptoms in the early stages of the disease can be similar to those of a wide variety of other, more treatable diseases or disorders, appropriate tests must be conducted to exclude the possibility of other conditions. One of these tests is electromyography (EMG), a special recording technique that detects electrical activity in muscles. Certain EMG findings can support the diagnosis of ALS. Another common test is a nerve conduction study (NCS), which measures electrical energy by assessing the nerve’s ability to send a signal). Specific abnormalities in the NCS and EMG may suggest, for example, that the individual has a form of peripheral neuropathy (damage to peripheral nerves) or myopathy (muscle disease) rather than ALS. The physician may order magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a noninvasive procedure that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to take detailed images of the brain and spinal cord. Standard MRI scans are normal in people with ALS. However, they can reveal evidence of other problems that may be causing the symptoms, such as a spinal cord tumor, a herniated disk in the neck that compresses the spinal cord, syringomyelia (a cyst in the spinal cord), or cervical spondylosis (abnormal wear affecting the spine in the neck).

    Based on the person’s symptoms and findings from the examination and from these tests, the physician may order tests on blood and urine samples to eliminate the possibility of other diseases as well as routine laboratory tests. In some cases, for example, if a physician suspects that the individual may have a myopathy rather than ALS, a muscle biopsy may be performed.

    Infectious diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV), polio, West Nile virus, and Lyme disease can in some cases cause ALS-like symptoms. Neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis, post-polio syndrome, multifocal motor neuropathy, and spinal muscular atrophy also can mimic certain facets of the disease and should be considered by physicians attempting to make a diagnosis. Fasciculations, the fine rippling movements in the muscle, and muscle cramps also occur in benign conditions.

    Because of the prognosis carried by this diagnosis and the variety of diseases or disorders that can resemble ALS in the early stages of the disease, individuals may wish to obtain a second neurological opinio

    The cause of ALS is not known, and scientists do not yet know why ALS strikes some people and not others. An important step toward answering this question was made in 1993 when scientists supported by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) discovered that mutations in the gene that produces the SOD1 enzyme were associated with some cases of familial ALS. Although it is still not clear how mutations in the SOD1 gene lead to motor neuron degeneration, there is increasing evidence that mutant SOD1 protein can become toxic.”

    We certainly rejoice in this good news, which we have been telling you BOOBS forever!

    Office of Communications and Public Liaison
    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
    National Institutes of Health
    Bethesda, MD 20892

  • Anonymous

    I cannot support Bonnie Burstow’s totalitarian desire to “ban ECT”. A
    free people have the right to own their own bodies, this means procuring
    a controversial somatic intervention if they wish. Of course I am
    against forced ECT, it is abhorrent. The misguided desire to criminalize
    for all persons, the consensual electroshock that some people come to
    regret, is an example of the regretter wishing to remake the world in
    their image. It’s a sad phenomenon, and I’m embarrassed by and cannot
    support in its current from, the coming May protest against ECT, a
    protest that seeks to “ban it for all”. Instead of a mature blend of
    “buyer beware” and education and story-sharing, a passionate commitment
    to informed consent, and a strident opposition to violence-enforced
    forced ECT, we have this childish toddler-logic of “I regretted agreeing
    to/seeking ECT therefore nobody should get ECT and if they do they
    should face prosecution for acting in defiance of our ban”. This is no
    better than the regretful obsessional gambler who wants to ban casinos,
    or the ex fat guy who wants a soda tax, or the ex smoker who wants to
    prohibit tobacco. It’s a crying shame to see this kind of protest
    promoted. I don’t want electric currents put through my brain, I don’t
    think you should get them put through your brain, but I’d be ashamed of
    myself if I ever used government to tell you what you can and cannot do
    with your brain. I may read her book though, given your good review, that’s if I have Bonnie’s permission to put the information in it in my brain, apparently there are things she’d like to ban me putting in my brain so I don’t know.

  • all too easy

    Same old same old. Another greedy nitwit looking to make a few bucks the easy way: repeat what others have said while using a new title.

    Guaranteed, nothing new here folks. Psychiatry is evil, ain’t nothin to it. Those evil b…. Everyone should think like a Nazi. We are cool. We drink alcohol and caffeinated beverages. Take plenty of aspirin.

    Hurry and join up. We is the answer.

  • cledwyn “corpse in the making”

    Wow, and it’s only £25 on amazon! What a bargain! Ha!

    I can’t wait to not read Whitaker’s latest.

  • cledwyn “corpse in the making”

    The only people who are going to be buying it at that price are mental health professionals.

  • cledwyn “corpse in the making”

    I love to sound, sorry, I mean, hate to sound pessimistic, but I personally can’t imagine a society that doesn’t “otherize” people like us.

    The facts are, society acts towards people like us as if we were surrounded by a cordon sanitaire or something, because in our misery and fear we disclose facts about reality that the normal “sane” people (lunatics the bloody lot of them) have learned to live in blissful ignorance of.

    Many people who are “schizophrenic” and “depressed” are merely victims of nature’s great blunder, to wit, human consciousness, which has developed to such an extent that humans are now capable of conceiving just how absurd and cruel the world is, and utterly insignificant they are, too deep contemplation upon which is maladaptive, and renders one unserviceable to life’s, and indeed, society’s, demands

    What most people learn to do is to come to an accommodation with this reality whereof I speak by making use of a range of psychological mechanisms and contrivances, accumulated through generations of increasing terror and confusion in the face of the nightmare of being, and evolved over millennia in response to the exigencies of our environment and in order to adapt psychologically to the increasing burden of consciousness, wherewith men manage to survive in a world which increasingly seems to bear the stamp of something that ought never have been.

    They learn to erect psychological defenses between themselves and the world in which they live, dignifying their hopelessly delusional state as “sane”. This is understandable, because it is something of a survival imperative for our species not to “dwell on things”. Those of us who do are doomed to life on the margins of society because as long as people will to live, those of over whom death has established its dominion will be looked upon as emotional contaminants, who threaten to hold other people back.

    You could abolish psychiatry, but the facts are, we will always be marginalized and “otherized”, both of which serve the function of protecting the delusional optimists (and optimism is the quintessential delusion, the finest flowering thereof) from the truth disclosed by us, a truth that, like most truths, does not set you free.

    Veritas vos liberabit. The truth shall set you free, as any man who has just hurled himself in front of a moving train would tell you, if he could.

  • cledwyn “corpse in the making”

    This force of repulsion which the sight of of another man ventilating his misery exerts over the behavior of people whereof I spoke in the preceding comment, is key to understanding why the illusion of happiness persists.

    The apparent happiness of others is little more than an imposture performed for the benefit of others who, in adjudging the desirability of acquaintance with a person, lay stress upon his/her cheerful manner, or lack thereof.

    This has led to something of a conspiracy of silence as concerns the misery, pain, and tedium of which we all partake daily, though there is little doubt that these admit of degrees, with greater proportions thereof to be found the further one ascends up the scale of human consciousness, rising from those who, in this regards, represent little progress over our simian ancestors, to men of genius.

    Such people, who are happy in appearance but miserable in substance, are generally found to be of a class of individuals in whom a superior propensity for dissimulation resides, and who, on this account, excite suspicion amongst some of us, because they are not be trusted (to forestall the possibility of misinterpretation, yes, I am calling such people liars and scoundrels).

    The great pessimist poet and philosopher, Giacomo Leopardi, understood the reason for this imposture and the extremity of insincerity to which people are driven by their desire to be liked by others;-

    “..true melancholy is shunned by the whole of humankind, and in the long run nothing pleases and nothing is successful in our dealings with people but cheerfulness.”

    Nevertheless, and in accordance with the law that the avowed virtues of a society increase pari passu with the decrease of real virtues, this exclusion to which those whose misery in its injudicious expression oversteps the bounds of propriety are subjected, has come to seem virtuous, owing to the work of many a turd-burnisher, no doubt.

  • all too easy

    You are kiddin, right plopplop? Just when I’m convinced you can’t be more hilarious, BOOM, you manage to surpass all expectations.

  • all too easy

    Get this: this genius is actually employed and for $102,000.00 a year. Plus, she pushes rehashed, re-fried junk, the same junk the rest of her Klan peddles. She teaches education and trashes M.D.s! Have any one of you boobs come up with any new material in the last 30 years since Freddie began his crusade?

    What a racket you guys got going, Phil. May we see your tax records in the interest of full disclosure? You claim not to have a financial interest in her product, correct? Let’s see. Tell Baughman and Breggin while your at it, that they should put up or shut up. I mean, you all delight in exposing the dark motives of your sworn enemies. Why not step up to the plate? Let’s see how transparent you saints really are.

    I’ll summarize her work product like this (which is all you need to know).

    1. Psychiatry sucks
    2. Psychiatrists sucks
    3. The whole field is a joke and a fraud.
    4. No specific, individual, objective test proves mental illness is for real.
    5. 27,198 anecdotal tidbits confirming the above
    6. Hilarious nonsense. You will be rolling on the floor from cover-to-cover, if you have a minimum 27 functioning neurons.

  • all too easy

    I found the perfect babe for cloadious. You got it. This hot number would be a perfect match for Mr Optimistic. Never seen nobody that can find more things wrong than this bathing beauty. Give her a call, Clyde. She despises everything! Just your type

  • all too easy

    Phil, it don’t exist, babe. Call the press. Call your senator. Call the prez. ALS ain’t. It is all B.S. created by filthy preeverts lookin to get rich, quick. What do you say, bro? Good news ain’t? Holy mackerel. We done it Phil! It is those Damn drugs that are killing those suckers with fake symptoms.

    Have a drink. Destroy some more neurons. Hallelujah! Glory!

  • cledwyn o the corpses

    Apropos of the paragraph where Mrs Burstow addresses psychiatry’s usurpation of the idiom and form of science, apart from its serviceability in the conquest of the mass mind, whereupon its legitimacy and power largely rests, I think it also needs to be borne in mind that this is part of the conventional narrative that frames organized psychiatry’s founding upon Enlightenment principles and ideals, which it largely subverts.

    Which is not to say that it isn’t animated by some of the less endearing features of Enlightenment thought, which represented an epistemological shift from the belief in divine revelation to the belief in science as the true source of knowledge, and which signaled the adaptation to a secular world of religious faith, with the eschatological belief of salvation in some celestial sphere replaced by such in this sublunary sphere, in which we toil for no reason beyond the preservation of a painful life which, thanks to the scientific dissipation of the fog of comforting illusion through which men for millennia viewed existence, has now taken on the aspect, not so much of a nightmare, as, to coin a new word, a “shitemare”, in which a feeling of taedium vitae is inescapably a feature of the psyche of modern man and more and more people take their lives into their own hands to escape the fruitless agony of staring into the void, that space vacated by the decline of religious faith.

    Before the enlightenment, the true ends and nature of existence were defined in theological terms, and human sacrifices were thus offered in propitiation of religious deities, and the faithful borne along on the rivers of blood shed accordingly, towards the promised land in some celestial sphere.

    Likewise, and bearing out the truth that human nature always remains the same, the Enlightenment heralded an age in which the true ends and nature of existence are defined in scientific terms, and human sacrifices are thus offered in propitiation of the gods of Reason and Science, and the faithful borne along on the rivers of blood shed accordingly, towards the promised land in this our sublunary sphere.

    Plus ca change….and hence my pessimism regarding the human race, the notion of social and moral progress, and my belief in the essentially cyclical nature of human history, as opposed to those optimists who would sketch humanity’s historical trajectory on a graph as an ascending curve.

    The attempt to perfect man along religious lines has been replaced by the attempt to perfect him along scientific ones, but as Kant said, “out of the crooked timber of humanity no straight thing was ever made”. The Enlightenment had its shortcomings, at least as revealed in its effect on the world, though some of my favorite thinkers were a part of it, and its war on religious bigotry and superstition was admirable.

    Nevertheless, it would be wrong to state that psychiatry, in its founding and along the lines of its historical development, was and is animated by the spirit of the Enlightenment, as is conventionally believed.

    For one, psychiatry does not so much operate under Reason’s aegis, as it has been brought forth by its sempiternal slumber. Psychiatry is a scientism, not a science, notwithstanding its pretensions in relation thereto. On top of this, tolerance, one of the most cherished Enlightenment ideals, certainly can’t be said to prized amongst the faithful. Intolerance, and more recently the persecution of heretics, run like a blood-red thread through the lurid historical tapestry of the profession. And it’s not getting any better, with the expansion of the psychiatric empire increasing pari passu with the decreasing capacity of adherents and practitioners of the psychiatric faith to tolerate heresy, who have successfully ushered in an age when questioning basic psychiatric concepts and current orthodoxy has taken on a sacrilegious aspect, in which many psychiatric equivalents of fire-and-brimstone preachers are to be seen, fulminating anathemas from their pulpits against the depravity of us heretics.

  • all too easy

    Classic hilarity from plop plop fizz fizz. Thanks babe. What a genius!

  • all too easy

    “All pharmaceutical drugs work by disrupting normal brain function.” It is not possible to disrupt brain function. The brain never malfunctions. It cannot. All antis agree on that.

  • Phil_Hickey

    Cledwyn,

    Indeed. Even Robert Whitaker has been outed by Jeffrey Lieberman, MD, as a “menace to society”!

  • heartofatum

    ‘”All pharmaceutical drugs work by disrupting normal brain function.” It
    is not possible to disrupt brain function. The brain never malfunctions.
    It cannot. All antis agree on that.’

    Don’t forget that the mind also doesn’t exist or can’t be sick – Szasz worked out the Age old problem of Dualism with that one, Genius that he was.

  • heartofatum

    “Phil, it don’t exist, babe. Call the press. Call your senator. Call
    the prez. ALS ain’t. It is all B.S. created by filthy preeverts lookin
    to get rich, quick. What do you say, bro? Good news ain’t? Holy
    mackerel. We done it Phil! It is those Damn drugs that are killing those
    suckers with fake symptoms.

    Have a drink. Destroy some more neurons. Hallelujah! Glory!”

    Ha ha ha – Brilliant.

  • wheelchairdemon

    This may be true re diagnosing ALS. The difference is, ALS is progressive. Over time the neurological impacts will show. So will the physical symptoms.

    That’s not the case with mental illness.

  • wheelchairdemon

    Perfect. The mental health professionals need a wake up call. Read the book. It will teach you a lot.

  • heartofatum

    “That’s not the case with mental illness.”

    Depends on the presentation/case.

  • Liam Walshe

    Dear “all too easy” and other posters,

    I am of the opinion that your comments about Dr. Burstow are completely misguided.

    For starters, it’s the PUBLISHER that sets the prices on a book, not the author. I know for a fact that IF Dr. Burstow could have set the price lower, it would have been done.

    In addition, you might be interested to know that Palgrave MacMillan doesn’t normally publish this type of book in paperback – only in hardcover. I am aware that Dr. Burstow fought to have it printed in paperback in an effort for it to be more affordable for all.

    “all too easy” have you even read the book? If you haven’t, I can’t see how you can comment on it until you’ve actually read it. If you can’t afford a copy, why not request that your local library carry it.

    There will also be a book launch in London on June 12, in New York on June 29, and in Toronto on September 18. I would encourage you to attend one of the launches to learn even more about her book!

  • all too easy

    Well golly! Little nit-picky ain’t sha bro? Try this, prove mental illness ain’t progressive. Good luck.

    “Over time the neurological impacts will show. So will the physical symptoms.” another genius

    It must be a relief for you to know there ain’t no neurological signs nor physical symptoms when kids are bouncing off walls and are unable to listen. Not finishing projects, failing school, speaking out of turn, not following directions, not capable of absorbing directions/information–those are all faked symptoms because parents like to drug their kids. Don’t you know bro? Baughman, Breggin, Whitaker, Hickey, them fellas gots it all figured out. NO ONE CAN’T PAY ATTENTION IF SHE WANTS TO! THEY KNOOD!

    Any idea how much damage these fools have done and are doing by refusing to use common sense and decades of research and personal testimony? They are destructive purveyors of garbage who ruin lives.

    Ever notice how these boobs scatter when challenged? That, and they change the subject. One deeply disturbed boob says his 2 undiagnosed kids didn’t need meds which proves nobody does. Guy is a remarkable intellectual powerhouse.

  • all too easy

    Give us a book report, pal. Tell us what it says, broken down into digestible units. What do you say?

    BTW, she couldn’t give away that thing.

    She is bound by religious fervor not to include anything in that piece of junk that differs from the 47 commandments of the Higher Authorities of the anti-psychiatry cult. They don’t like free thinkers (they don’t like thinkers!) They silence anybody who steps out of line–the man come and take you away. Paranoia strikes deep. Into your life it will creep. When you have freddie “the delight” baughman watching your every move, there’s good reasons to be terrified.

    I guarantee I can tell you, (I already did) precisely what she says.

    1. Psychiatry sucks

    2. Psychiatrists sucks
    3. The whole field is a joke and a fraud.
    4. No specific, individual, objective test proves mental illness is for real.
    5. 27,198 anecdotal tidbits confirming the above
    6. Hilarious nonsense. You will be rolling on the floor from cover-to-cover, if you have a minimum 27 functioning neurons.

    “There will also be a book launch in London on June 12, in New York on June 29, and in Toronto on September 18. I would encourage you to attend one of the launches to learn even more about her book!”

    Use 5 Saturn 5 rockets with 7 million pounds of thrust and launch that nonsense to the moon, Alice

  • jw100

    Hi all too easy, I would be happy to give you a book report. What the book says is, that if you really think through what psychiatry is doing, it is not reasonable to expect that it will improve people’s lives. It disempowers people when emotional wellness is about self-determination and being in control of one’s life. Psychiatrists diagnose “disorders” that (mostly) have no physical basis, and they substitute a medical/ pathology explanation for what is wrong. Usually the source of trouble is abuse, poverty, or some other negative environmental factor that the person cannot control, and they cannot cope with. In a “disorder” like PSTD it is easy to see this. Why would we say that a soldier has a “disorder” for being traumatized about being in the middle of danger, uncertainty and killing? But that is not even the worst part. After deciding that the problem is not a person’s circumstances but some illness that he has, then they “treat” him with drugs that permanently damage his metabolism and nervous system (these drugs work by killing cells) or with electroconvulsive therapy. These effects are well documented. Liam is right, Bonnie wants her book to be accessible. I would be happy to lend you mine. The book really is good because it exposes WHY psychiatry does what it does; it colludes with those in power to “deal with” people whose ideas and behaviour it does not deem desirable. The Soviet Union provided the clearest example of that (although that is not in this book). Cheers.

  • all too easy

    Beloved, that’s exactly what I said she wrote: psychiatry sucks